Subject Verb Agreement Rule Examples

Subject-verb agreement is a crucial component of grammar, and it refers to the agreement between the subject and the verb in a sentence. The rule ensures that the verb in the sentence agrees with the subject in terms of number, person, and tense. Failure to follow this rule can lead to sentences that are grammatically incorrect and confusing. Here are some examples of the subject-verb agreement rule:

1. Singular Subject and Singular Verb: The subject and verb must agree in number. For example:

– The boy runs to the park every day.

In this sentence, the subject “boy” is singular, and the verb “runs” agrees with it in number. If we wrote “The boy run to the park every day,” it would be grammatically incorrect.

2. Plural Subject and Plural Verb: When there is a plural subject, the verb must also be plural. For example:

– The girls dance to the music.

In this sentence, the subject “girls” is plural, and the verb “dance” agrees with it in number. If we wrote “The girls dances to the music,” it would be grammatically incorrect.

3. Indefinite Pronoun Subject: When the subject is an indefinite pronoun (e.g., someone, anybody, everyone), the verb must agree with the pronoun`s sense of singularity or plurality. For example:

– Someone is knocking on the door.

In this sentence, the subject “someone” is singular, and the verb “is” agrees with it in number. If we wrote “Someone are knocking on the door,” it would be grammatically incorrect.

4. Compound Subject: When there is a compound subject, the verb must agree with the subject closest to it. For example:

– Bread and butter are my favorite breakfast foods.

In this sentence, the subject “bread and butter” is plural, and the verb “are” agrees with it in number. If we wrote “Bread and butter is my favorite breakfast food,” it would be grammatically incorrect.

5. Collective Nouns: When the subject is a collective noun (e.g., team, family, jury), the verb must agree with the noun`s sense of singularity or plurality. For example:

– The family goes on vacation every summer.

In this sentence, the collective noun “family” is singular, and the verb “goes” agrees with it in number. If we wrote “The family go on vacation every summer,” it would be grammatically incorrect.

In conclusion, subject-verb agreement is a vital rule in grammar, and it helps to ensure that a sentence is clear, concise, and grammatically correct. By following these examples, writers can ensure that their writing is professional, polished, and effective.